Mandela Day Essay, Speech, Article | Nelson Mandela Biography |Nelson Mandela

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Mandela Day Essay, Speech, Article |Nelson Mandela Biography | Nelson Mandela

Mandela Day images | Nelson Mandela images
Mandela Day images | Nelson Mandela images

Mandela Day


Nelson Mandela International Day (or Mandela Day) is an annual international day in honour of Nelson Mandela, celebrated each year on 18 July, Mandela's birthday. The day was officially declared by the United Nations in November 2009, with the first UN Mandela Day held on 18 July 2010. However, other groups began celebrating Mandela Day on 18 July 2009.

On 27 April 2009, the 46664 concerts and the Nelson Mandela Foundation invited the global community to join them in support of an official Mandela Day. Mandela Day is not meant as a public holiday, but as a day to honour the legacy of Nelson Mandela, South Africa's former President, and his values, through volunteering and community service.

Mandela Day is a global call to action that celebrates the idea that each individual has the power to transform the world, the ability to make an impact.


The Mandela Day campaign message is:

"Nelson Mandela has fought for social justice for 67 years. We’re asking you to start with 67 minutes."
"We would be honoured if such a day can serve to bring together people around the world to fight poverty and promote peace, reconciliation and cultural diversity," according to a statement issued on Mandela's behalf.

To mark the first global celebration of Mandela Day on 18 July 2009, Mandela's 91st birthday, a series of educational, art exhibit, fund-raising and volunteer events leading up to a concert at Radio City Music Hall on 18 July were organised by the 46664 concerts and the Nelson Mandela Foundation. In November 2009, the United Nations General Assembly formally declared 18 July to be "Nelson Mandela International Day".

Nelson Mandela became the first black president of South Africa in 1994, serving until 1999. A symbol of global peacemaking, he received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993.

WHAT IS MANDELA DAY?


“What counts in life is not the mere fact that we have lived. It is what difference we have made to the lives of others that will determine the significance of the life we lead.” – Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela quotes


"Difficulties break some men but make others. No axe is sharp enough to cut the soul of a sinner who keeps on trying, one armed with the hope that he will rise even in the end."
"If I had my time over I would do the same again. So would any man who dares call himself a man."
"I like friends who have independent minds because they tend to make you see problems from all angles."
"Real leaders must be ready to sacrifice all for the freedom of their people."
"A fundamental concern for others in our individual and community lives would go a long way in making the world the better place we so passionately dreamt of."
"Everyone can rise above their circumstances and achieve success if they are dedicated to and passionate about what they do."
"Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world."
"I learned that courage was not the absence of fear, but the triumph over it. The brave man is not he who does not feel afraid, but he who conquers that fear."
"For to be free is not merely to cast off one's chains, but to live in a way that respects and enhances the freedom of others."
"Resentment is like drinking poison and then hoping it will kill your enemies."
"Lead from the back — and let others believe they are in front."
"Do not judge me by my successes, judge me by how many times I fell down and got back up again."
"I hate race discrimination most intensely and in all its manifestations. I have fought it all during my life; I fight it now, and will do so until the end of my days."
"A good head and a good heart are always a formidable combination."

Inspirational Nelson Mandela quotes:


“The greatest glory in living lies not in never falling, but in rising every time we fall.”
“If you want to make peace with your enemy, you have to work with your enemy. Then he becomes your partner.”
“As we are liberated from our own fear, our presence automatically liberates others.”
“There is no passion to be found playing small – in settling for a life that is less than the one you are capable of living.”
“I learned that courage was not the absence of fear, but the triumph over it. The brave man is not he who does not feel afraid, but he who conquers that fear.”
“No one is born hating another person because of the color of his skin, or his background, or his religion. People must learn to hate, and if they can learn to hate, they can be taught to love, for love comes more naturally to the human heart than its opposite.”
“For to be free is not merely to cast off one’s chains, but to live in a way that respects and enhances the freedom of others.”
“A good head and a good heart are always a formidable combination.”
“Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.”
“It always seems impossible until it’s done.”
“It is time for the next generations to continue our struggle against social injustice and for the rights of humanity. It is in your hands.”

Nelson Mandela Biography


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Mandela Day images | Nelson Mandela images
Mandela Day images | Nelson Mandela images

Who Was Nelson Mandela?


Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (July 18, 1918 to December 5, 2013) was a nonviolence anti-apartheid activist, politician and philanthropist who became South Africa's first black president from 1994 to 1999. Getting actively involved in the anti-apartheid movement in his 20s, Mandela joined the African National Congress in 1942. For twenty years, this individual directed a campaign of peaceful, nonviolent defiance against the South African government and its racist guidelines. From 1962, Mandela put in 27 years in prison for political offenses. In 1993, Mandela and South African President F. W. de Klerk were with each other awarded the Nobel Peacefulness Prize for their efforts to dismantle the country's apartheid system. For generations to come, Nelson Mandela will continue to be a source of ideas for civil rights active supporters and workers worldwide.

When ever and How Did Nelson Mandela Die?


On Dec 5, 2013, at the age of 95, Nelson Mandela died at his home in Johannesburg, S. africa. After suffering a lung infection in January 2011, Mandela was briefly in the hospital in Johannesburg to undergo surgery for an abdomen ailment in early 2012. He was released after a few days, later getting back to Qunu. Mandela would be hospitalized many times over the next many years -- in December 2012, March 2013 and June 2013 -- for further testing and medical treatment relating to his persistent lung infection.

Following his June 2013 hospital visit, Mandela's wife, Graca Machel, canceled a scheduled appearance in London to continue to be at her husband's his side, and his child, Zenani Dlamini, flew back again from Argentina to Sth Africa to be with her father. Jacob Zuma, South Africa's president, released a press release in response to public concern over Mandela's March 2013 health distress, asking for support in the form of prayer: "We appeal to the people of S. africa and the world to pray for our beloved Madiba and his family and also to keep them in their thoughts, " Zuma said.

On the day of Mandela's death, Zuma released an argument speaking to Mandela's legacy: "Wherever we are in the country, wherever our company is in the world, let us reaffirm his vision of a society... through which none is exploited, oppressed or dispossessed by another, " this individual said.

Children and Wife


Mandela was married three times and had six children. This individual wed his first wife, Evelyn Ntoko Mase, in 1944. The couple experienced four children together: Madiba Thembekile (d. 1964), Makgatho (d. 2005), Makaziwe (d. 1948 at nine weeks old) and Maki. The couple divorced in 1957. In 1958, Mandela wed Winnie Madikizela; the couple had two daughters together, Zenani (now Argentina's Sth African ambassador) and Zindziswa (the South African legate to Denmark), before breaking in 1996. Two years later, in 1998, Mandela married Graca Machel, the first Education Minister of Mozambique, with whom this individual remained until his fatality in 2013.

Movie and Books


In 1994, Mandela published his autobiography, Long Walk to Freedom, most of which he had secretly written while in jail. The book inspired the 2013 movie Mandela: Lengthy Walk to Freedom. He also published an amount of books on his life and struggles, among them No Easy Walk to Freedom; Nelson Mandela: The Struggle Is My entire life; and Nelson Mandela's Favorite African Folktales.

Mandela Day


In 2009, Mandela's birthday (July 18th) was declared Mandela Day, an international day to promote global peace and celebrate the South African leader's legacy. According to the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, the total annual event is supposed to encourage citizens worldwide to give again the way that Mandela has throughout his life span. A statement on the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory's website reads: "Mr. Mandela gave 67 many years of his life fighting for the rights of humanity. All we are requesting is that everyone gives 67 minutes of their time, whether it's supporting your chosen charity or serving your neighborhood community. "

When and Where Was Nelson Mandela Born?


Nelson Mandela was born Rolihlahla Mandela on July 18, 1918, in the tiny village of Mvezo, on the banks of the Mbashe River in Transkei, S. africa. "Rolihlahla" in the Xhosa language literally means "pulling the branch of a woods, " but more commonly translates as "troublemaker. "

Family and Early Life


Nelson Mandela's father, who was meant to become a chief, served as a counselor to tribal chiefs for several years, but lost both his title and fortune over a dispute with the neighborhood colonial magistrate. Mandela was only an infant at the time, wonderful father's loss of status compelled his mother to move the family to Qunu, an even smaller village north of Mvezo. The community was nestled in a narrow grassy valley; there were no roads, only foot paths that linked the pastures where were being grazed. The family existed in huts and ate a local harvest of maize, sorghum, pumpkin and beans, which was all they could afford. Water originated in springs and avenues and cooking was done outdoors. Mandela played the games of young boys, acting out male right-of-passage scenarios with toys this individual made from the natural materials available, including woods branches and clay.

In the suggestion of one of his father's friends, Mandela was baptized in the Methodist Church. He proceeded to go on to become the first in his family to attend school. Seeing that was custom at that time, and probably due to the bias of the Uk educational system in Southern Africa, Mandela's teacher advised him that his new first name would be Nelson.

When ever Mandela was nine years of age, his father died of lung disease, creating his life to change considerably. He was adopted by Key Jongintaba Dalindyebo, the acting regent of the Thembu people -- a motion done as a favour to Mandela's father, who, years earlier, had advised Jongintaba be produced chief. Mandela subsequently left the carefree life he knew in Qunu, fearing that he would never see his village again. He journeyed by motorcar to Mqhekezweni, the provincial capital of Thembuland, to the chief's royal residence. Though this individual had not forgotten his beloved village of Qunu, he quickly adapted to the new, more advanced surroundings of Mqhekezweni.

Mandela was given the same status and duties as the regent's two other children, his son and oldest child, Justice, and daughter Nomafu. Mandela got classes in an one-room school next to the palace, studying English, Xhosa, history and geography. This was during this period that Mandela developed an interest in African record, from elder chiefs who came to the fantastic Palace on official business. This individual learned how the African-american people had lived in relative peace until the coming of the white people. In line with the elders, the children of South Africa had previously lived as friends, but white men got shattered this fellowship. Although black men shared their land, air and normal water with whites, white men took all of these things for themselves.

When Mandela was 16, it was time for him to partake in the traditional African circumcision routine to mark his entry into manhood. The wedding ceremony of circumcision was not simply a surgical procedure, but an elaborate ritual in preparation for manhood. In African-american tradition, an uncircumcised man cannot inherit his dad's wealth, marry or officiate at tribal rituals. Mandela participated in the ceremony with 25 other boys. He welcomed the chance to partake in his someones customs and felt ready to make the changeover from boyhood to manhood.

His mood shifted during the proceedings, however, when Chief Meligqili, the key presenter at the ceremony, chatted sadly of the young men, explaining that they were enslaved in their own country. Because their land was managed by white men, they would never have the power to govern themselves, the chief said. He proceeded to lament that the assurance of the young men would be squandered as they struggled to make a living and perform mindless chores for white men. Mandela would later say that while the chief's words didn't make total sense to him at the time, they would eventually formulate his resolve for persistent South Africa.

Education


Mandela Day images | Nelson Mandela images
Mandela Day images | Nelson Mandela images


Under the guardianship of Regent Jongintaba, Mandela was groomed to assume high office, not as a chief, but a counselor to one. As Thembu royalty, Mandela attended a Wesleyan mission school, the Clarkebury Boarding Institute and Wesleyan College, where, he would later state, this individual achieved academic success through "plain hard work. inch He also excelled at track and boxing. Mandela was in the beginning mocked as a "country boy" by his Wesleyan classmates, but became friends with several students, including Mathona, his first female friend.

In 1939, Mandela enrolled at the University College of Fort Hare, the only residential center of higher learning for blacks in South Africa at the time. Fort Hare was considered Africa's equivalent of the University of Oxford or Harvard University, pulling scholars from all parts of sub-Saharan Africa. In his first year at the university, Mandela took the required courses, but dedicated to Roman Dutch regulation to prepare for a job in civil service as an interpreter or attendant -- regarded as the best profession that a black man could obtain at the time.

In the second year at Fort Hare, Mandela was chosen to the Student Consultant Council. For some time, students had been disappointed with the food and lack of power held by the SRC. During this election, most of students voted to boycott unless their demands were met. Aiming with the student the greater part, Mandela resigned from his position. Seeing this as an act of insubordination, the university's Dr. Kerr expelled Mandela for the rest of the year and gave him an commandement: He could return to the school if he decided to serve on the SRC. When Mandela returned home, the regent was flabergasted, telling him unequivocally that he would have to recant his decision and go back to school in the fall.

A few several weeks after Mandela returned home, Regent Jongintaba announced that he had arranged a marriage for his adopted boy. The regent wanted to be sure that Mandela's life was properly planned, and the arrangement was within his right, as tribal custom dictated. Shocked by the news, feeling trapped and believing that he had no other option than to follow this recent order, Mandela ran away from home. He settled in Johannesburg, where he worked a variety of jobs, including as a guard and a clerk, while completing his bachelor's degree via correspondence courses. He then enrolled at the University of Witwatersrand in Johannesburg to analyze law.

Anti-Apartheid Movement and Civil Disobedience


Mandela became actively mixed up in anti-apartheid movement, joining the African National Congress in 1942. Within the ANC, a little group of young Africans banded together, phoning themselves the African National Congress Youth League. Their particular goal was to convert the ANC into a mass grassroots movement, deriving strength from millions of rural peasants and working people who no tone of voice under the existing regime. Especially, the group believed that the ANC's old tactics of polite petitioning were ineffective. In 1949, the ANC officially adopted the Youth League's methods of boycott, strike, civil disobedience and non-cooperation, with plan goals of full passports, redistribution of land, control union rights, and free and compulsory education for all children.

For twenty years, Mandela directed peaceful, nonviolent acts of defiance up against the South African government as well as its racist policies, including the 1952 Defiance Campaign and the 1955 Congress of the individuals. He founded the law firm Mandela and Tambo, partnering with Oliver Tambo, a fantastic student however met while attending Fortification Hare. Legislation firm provided free and low-cost legal counsel to unrepresented blacks.

In 1956, Mandela and 150 others were caught and charged with treason for their political proposal (they were eventually acquitted). Meanwhile, the ANC had been challenged by Africanists, a new breed of black activists who believed that the pacifist method of the ANC was ineffective. Africanists soon broke away to form the Pan-Africanist Our elected representatives, which negatively influenced the ANC; by 1959, the movement had lost much of its militant support.

Mandela's Time in Prison


Nelson Mandela spent 27 years in prison, from November 1962 until February 1990. Formerly committed to nonviolent protest, he started to assume that armed struggle was the only way to achieve change. In 61, Mandela co-founded Umkhonto we Sizwe, also known as MK, an armed offshoot of the ANC dedicated to sabotage and use guerilla war tactics to end apartheid. In 1961, Mandela orchestrated a three-day nationwide workers' strike. He was arrested for leading the strike the following year and was sentenced to five years in prison. In 1963, Mandela was brought to trial again. This kind of time, he and 10 other ANC leaders were sentenced to life imprisonment for political offenses, including sabotage.

Nelson Mandela was incarcerated on Robben Island for 18 of his 27 years in penitentiary. During this period, he contracted tuberculosis and, as a dark-colored political prisoner, received the lowest degree of treatment from prison workers. However, while incarcerated, Mandela was able to earn a Bachelor of Law degree through an University of London messages program.

A 1981 memoir by South African cleverness agent Gordon Winter referred to a plot by the South African government to prepare for Mandela's escape to be able to shoot him during the recapture; the plot was foiled by British brains. Mandela continued to be such a potent sign of black resistance that the coordinated international campaign for his release was launched, which international groundswell of support exemplified the electricity and esteem that Mandela had in the global political community.

In 1982, Mandela and other ANC leaders were moved to Pollsmoor Prison, allegedly to enable contact between them and the South Black government. In 1985, Leader P. W. Botha offered Mandela's release in exchange for renouncing armed struggle; the prisoner flatly declined the offer. With increasing local and

In 1982, Mandela and other ANC leaders were moved to Pollsmoor Prison, allegedly to enable contact between them and the South Black government. In 1985, Leader P. W. Botha offered Mandela's release in exchange for renouncing armed struggle; the prisoner flatly declined the offer. With increasing local and international pressure for his release, the government participated in several talks with Mandela over the ensuing years, but no deal was made. It wasn't until Botha suffered a stroke and was replaced by Frederik Willem de Klerk that Mandela's release was finally announced, on February 10, 1990. De Klerk also unbanned the ANC, removed restrictions on political organizations and suspended executions.

Upon his release from penitentiary, Nelson Mandela immediately advised foreign powers to not reduce their pressure on the South African government for constitutional reform. While this individual stated that he was committed to working toward serenity, he declared that the ANC's armed struggle would continue until the black majority received the right to vote. In 1991, Mandela was elected president of the African National Our elected representatives, with lifelong friend and colleague Oliver Tambo providing as national chairperson.

Nobel Peace Prize


In 93, Nelson Mandela and Chief executive de Klerk were collectively awarded the Nobel Peacefulness Prize for their work toward dismantling apartheid in South Africa. After Mandela's release from prison, he negotiated with President F. W. de Klerk toward the country's first multiracial elections. White South Africans were willing to share electricity, but many black Sth Africans wanted a whole copy of power. The talks were often strained, and news of violent breakouts, including the assassination of ANC leader Chris Hani, continued throughout the country. Mandela had to keep a delicate balance of political pressure and powerful negotiations amid the presentations and armed resistance.

Obama administration


Due in no small part to the work of Mandela and President de Klerk, negotiations between dark-colored and white South Africans prevailed: On April twenty-seven, 1994, South Africa placed its first democratic elections. Nelson Mandela was inaugurated as the country's first black president on May possibly 10, 1994, at the age of 77, with de Klerk as his first deputy.

From year 1994 until June 1999, Chief executive Mandela worked to bring about the transition from minority rule and racisme to black majority regulation. He used the place's enthusiasm for sports as a pivot point out promote reconciliation between whites and blacks, encouraging black Sth Africans to support the once-hated national rugby team. In 1995, South The african continent came to the world stage by hosting the Rugby World Cup, which brought further recognition and prestige to the young republic. That year Mandela was also awarded the Order of Merit.

During his presidency Mandela also worked to protect Southerly Africa's economy from failure. Through his Reconstruction and Development Plan, the Southern region African government funded the creation of jobs, housing and basic health attention. In 1996, Mandela signed into law a new constitution for area, creating a strong central federal government based on majority rule, and guaranteeing both the rights of minorities and the freedom of appearance.

Retirement and Later Career


By the 1999 basic election, Nelson Mandela experienced retired from active governmental policies. He continued to maintain a busy schedule, however, raising money to build universities and clinics in South Africa's rural heartland through his foundation, and providing as a mediator in Burundi's civil war.

Mandela was diagnosed and cared for for prostate cancer in 2001. In June 2005, at the age of 85, he announced his formal retirement from public life and returned to his native village of Qunu.

On July 18, 2007, Mandela and wife Graca Machel co-founded The Elders, a team of world frontrunners aiming to work both publicly and privately to find solutions to a number of the world's toughest issues. The group included Desmond Tutu, Kofi Annan, Ela Bhatt, Gro Harlem Brundtland, Jimmy Carter, Li Zhaoxing, Mary Robinson and Muhammad Yunus. The Elders' impact has spanned Asia, the Middle East and Africa, and the actions have included promoting peace and women's equal rights, demanding an end to atrocities, and supporting projects to cope with humanitarian crises and promote democracy.

In addition to advocating for peacefulness and equality on both a national and global scale, in the later years, Mandela remained dedicated to the fight against AIDS. His son Makgatho died of the illness in 2005.

Nelson Mandela made his last public appearance at the final match of the World Cup in South Africa in 2010. He continued to be largely out of the spotlight in his old age, choosing to spend much of his time in his childhood community of Qunu, south of Johannesburg. He did, however , visit with U. S. first lady Michelle Obama, partner of President Barack Obama, during her trip to South Africa in 2011.